Global Perspectives on US Foreign Policy: From the Outside In
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For adversaries, they were an indication of American weakness. As the only collection that captures these diverse responses, American Race Relations: Global Perspectives, , sheds new light on crucial research topics like segregation, race riots, arts and literature, Brown v. Additionally, this essential archive includes firsthand reporting on the rise of indigenous rights in countries around the world.
Vast applications across multiple disciplines Race relations span a breadth of academic disciplines, from arts and literature to history, political science and sociology. Researchers in the humanities can analyze the evolution of Asian-, Hispanic- and African-American influence on popular culture, and researchers in the international relations can trace the role of racial issues in immigration patterns.
The research possibilities are endless. In addition, the interface enables students and scholars to easily browse the collection by a broad range of topics, each providing highly relevant results for users at all levels. Readex has collected these reports in a database entitled American Race Relations: Global Perspectives …. This resource may also aid students and researchers in making global connections to the American race story…. Although many of the articles were produced as anti-American propaganda pieces by communist governments, their perspectives might be seen as a corrective to the one-sided reporting by many of the mainstream news outlets in the USA at the time.
Seeking global perspectives on the past and the present is one way to step out of the echo chamber. Librarians, teaching faculty and general researchers will find this database a useful discussion tool and research resource. Written by two leading scholars, this cutting-edge textbook provides a comprehensive re-evaluation of Russian foreign policy in the 21st century, covering its historical development, key institutions and actors, and Written by two leading scholars, this cutting-edge textbook provides a comprehensive re-evaluation of Russian foreign policy in the 21st century, covering its historical development, key institutions and actors, and processes, principles and strategies.
It integrates domestic and global perspectives to give a more rounded and balanced assessment of Russia's place in the world. This text will be essential reading on Russian foreign policy modules as well as on broader courses on Russian government and politics. It can also be used as supplementary reading on more general comparative politics and foreign policy modules which use Russia as a key case study. Introduction to Russia's Foreign Policy 2. The Evolution of Russian Foreign Policy 3. Institutions and Decision-Makers 4. Players and Processes 5.
The IUE-CWA representatives interviewed insisted that unions and their members are willing to help their companies compete in the global marketplace. But they said that trade deals that have not given organized labor a seat at the bargaining table have failed workers and the American middle class. The legislation would restrict U. In addition to passing the End Outsourcing Act, union representatives say Dayton-area workers, as well as workers nationally, would be helped by efforts to:. Despite the challenges of job loss and the corresponding shock to communities that comes from shuttered storefronts, vacant lots, declining tax bases, and financially strapped schools, Dayton interviewees uniformly expressed optimism that Dayton had better days ahead.
Lima is an industrial hub surrounded by agriculturally rich northwestern Ohio. When British Petroleum acquired and sought to demolish the Standard Oil facility in Ohio, Lima fought back and managed to keep the refinery open. Similar to Dayton, which lies about 70 miles south, Lima knows well the benefits and costs associated with keeping the nation safe. The expansive complex outside of the city has been a point of civic pride in service to country for seventy years.
More recently, Lima felt the economic pain and uncertainty of proposed defense-spending cuts. Department of Defense and General Dynamics Land Systems, fell to roughly workers, and city leaders were reportedly told the facility had been slated to close. What kept the plant afloat, city leaders say, was approval from the Defense Security Cooperation Agency and the U. It is a breathtaking reversal of fortune for the plant, which has been a source of good-paying jobs for the , people living in the Lima metro area Allen County and those beyond the region.
Lima leaders describe a dramatic uptick in the regional economy. We started seeing hiring and capital investment instead of sitting on cash. But that welcomed rush of economic activity now means Lima faces a new challenge: finding workers. Part of the difficulty in filling jobs, he said, is because workers who lost their jobs in the area took jobs elsewhere. However, he also laid some of the blame at social support services that were extended to families when jobs were scarce but may be currently serving as a disincentive to work now that jobs are more plentiful.
Such losses in benefits mean that families may end up less financially stable even though they are earning more. Lima officials hope the demand for workers will help draw people back to the region, but they recognize that they face strong competition for talent, particularly in the counties of the Columbus economic development region to its southeast.
Although Lima can tout its lower cost of living, one local official points out that it is hard to compete for housing development with Columbus. Little investment has been made in new housing development in Lima because the return on such projects is significantly greater in Columbus, which can demand higher prices and rents.
As Lima officials grapple with attracting the workers needed to meet growing demands, some worry that federal-level actions may threaten a pillar of the local economy—agricultural activities. Today we have zero. But tariffs on finished products are not his only concern. He also worries about the impact of an escalating trade dispute on the raw material he needs to produce his pork snacks.
In April , in response to U. In July, China levied another 25 percent tariff on pork. Since , China has been the third-largest export market for U. Signs of lower demand for U. He predicts that the tariffs levied by China and Mexico will be particularly hard on small farmers who do not have the financial resources to ride out the trade dispute.
A representative of Lima-area businesses agreed.
ASEAN’s External Relations - ASEAN : Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the kingdom of Thailand
He wishes, instead, that efforts to curb potentially unfair Chinese practices would be better targeted, such as on infringements on U. He cited reports of European businesses increasingly turning to automation in response to tight labor markets. It is home to two steel plants. Longtime residents of Marion remember it as a booming industrial center. People from surrounding areas commuted to the city to work at Marion Steam Shovel and the businesses that supported it. Because the company was locally owned and headquartered in Marion, it employed mid-level managers, accountants, and associated professionals, in addition to assembly-line workers.
Advertisers supporting Marion Steam Shovel also moved into the area, spawning another area of specialty. As big corporations bought out local businesses, the economic bottom line increasingly governed business decisions that did not prioritize the needs of communities and families. Large corporations can more easily move operations around the country and world to gain from advantageous wage differentials, production capacity, tax environments, and even government incentives.
The acquisition of smaller local businesses by larger nonlocal ones also increased the distance between owners and executives on the one hand and rank-and-file employees on the other. Historically, company executives and line workers used to be part of the same community.
Global Perspectives on US Foreign Policy
No longer. Even as a powerful sense of loss hangs over the area, those interviewed stressed that they are not looking to turn back the clock. Likewise, Marion needs to innovate and reinvent itself. They regret that, in retrospect, many in the area came to this realization too late, but most are there now. Marion has benefited from an entrepreneur frequently drawn to the area because he sees asset and investment potential in abandoned industrial properties.
Another local real estate developer has been transforming the abandoned department store and office buildings in downtown Marion into residential loft apartments. She is hoping these lofts will help attract young entrepreneurs to Marion as they get priced out of Columbus. She and her colleagues are looking to revitalize lower downtown Marion and recognize that urban dwellings, local restaurants, and coffee shops are needed to attract investment dollars.
Marion has recently been logging some important investment wins. Some longtime, locally owned businesses are also benefiting from refurbishing operations. A seventh-generation, family-owned padlock business, for example, has found high-value specialization and aggressive automation to be a winning combination for global competition. We had no competition. But then the world changed. All of a sudden, locks were being made in China and Mexico.
The Marion lockmaker has committed to using only U. Interviewees in Marion conveyed a simple message: we will do what we can to reinvent ourselves and look to the future—just let us have a fighting chance. A number of local residents also emphasized that they do not see legal immigrants as a threat. Marion interviewees stress that they are not looking to assign blame but are up against long odds. And outmigration from Marion County continues apace. Its population shrunk by 2. Like in Marion, interviewees in Coshocton also want a fighting chance and what that would entail is similar.
But they may be fighting even longer odds, and their economic fate is particularly intertwined with evolutions in the energy sector.
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With a population of around 11,, Coshocton is the smallest city of the study group. Coshocton was once a thriving industrial center embedded within a rural county, but the General Electric laminate plant, the rubber floor mat supplier to the automotive industry, the paper mill, and the rubber glove factory are gone. In , Lancaster Colony, a Columbus-based holding company, sold off the Coshocton-based Pretty Products automotive floor mat company to focus on its line of glassware, candles, and specialty foods; and the new Michigan-based owner moved Pretty Products production to Tennessee.
Just a few years before its closure, the plant had been part of a series of mergers and acquisitions negotiated to increase market share in the global paper commodity market. Many in Coshocton have a personal story of job loss. One woman recalled how her husband lost his job as a boiler operator at WestRock when the paper mill closed. She now warns her two teenagers that they have to always be prepared for job losses and financial disruptions. We and the others affected received a lot of support from our community in those dark days. Households experienced a 38 percent increase in their water bills required to offset the revenue lost from 3 million gallons of water that is no longer consumed by the now-shuttered paper mill.
Aside from the loss of jobs and tax revenues, the mill had also long been an active community partner, supporting local organizations and leading fundraising efforts for the United Way and other charitable activities. They just want to take the money. This firm, a family-owned metals parts manufacturer, found it needed to reform its business when it faced competition from cheaper Chinese products.
However, there are simply not enough of these success stories in the Coshocton area. From December to December , Coshocton County lost approximately 17 percent of its employment. Despite the spate of job losses over the years, area officials say Coshocton lacks the skilled workers necessary to fill technical jobs involving increasingly sophisticated machinery.
Area employers say they have difficulty filling the jobs that are open every day despite an unemployment rate that is still relatively high.
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Education is an area in which Coshocton leaders know they need to improve. But well-educated workers tend to be mobile, willing to relocate in search of better job opportunities. This threatens to deplete a resource the area sorely needs to refresh its economy. In such circumstances, the people of Coshocton are extremely dependent on the industries they still have in the area—steel and coal among them.
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They recognize that the steel tariffs are costly for some of their locally owned businesses, such as the metal parts manufacturing firm, which is now having to pay more for key inputs. Those interviewed in Coshocton shared a hope that, perhaps over the longer term, tariffs would disincentivize firms from outsourcing overseas and incentivize them to place production in the United States to climb over the tariff wall.
But just as the steel tariffs could be a double-edged sword for Coshocton, the same is true for workers both benefiting and losing out as a result of transitions now unfolding in the energy sector. The project would employ up to 6, construction workers and hundreds of full-time employees once it becomes operational. Several interviewees said that the Conesville Power Plant is expected to cease operations in , eliminating more than well-paying jobs.
Despite its proximity to energy stores, Coshocton lacks a natural gas pipeline. Coshocton also lacks infrastructure improvements, such as four-lane highway access, to attract businesses drawn to the area to take advantage of plentiful energy.
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Internet access is another challenge, as it is for many remote, rural communities. I see the potential we have. They still think this is a great community and a great place to live. The struggles and viability of the Coshocton local community is what preoccupied their people most. There are a multitude of perspectives on how U.
And this explains, in large measure, why policymakers have defined the economic objectives they seek to advance through foreign policy in very broad terms that could be applicable for all. But as the above narratives illustrate, an approach that relies on broad principles will invariably benefit various constituencies but lead to painful dislocations for others.
Backlashes against trade policy are therefore not surprising in areas where domestic investments have not been made to adequately address the dislocations. As can be seen in the case of Ohio, and across its communities, the rising tide of economic growth has washed over the state but not lifted all boats.
The reality on the ground revealed in the profiles of six Ohio communities suggests a need to explore how domestic and foreign policy can adapt to invest in people through place.